• Martin Luther (1483-1546), the great religious reformer, re-rooted German culture by turning once again to the Hebrew and the Greek of the Old and New Testaments after a thousand years of relative neglect, and by putting the Bible translated from Hebrew and Greek into the hands of people of every walk of life. Thanks to Luther and Melanchthon, Hebrew and Greek became staples in the education of the clergy. Scripture with the Reformation came to have a renewed influence on life and practice and the making of theology.